On land…

Crime is dependent on its location and context, developing based on the economics, legislation, and cultural views in each place. Logically, the type of looter in a country is largely dependent on the economic situation. Subsistence looters are found in countries with high unemployment, while more specialized tombaroli or huaqueros are found in economies with less than 10% unemployment. For example, subsistence digging includes Afghanistan (35%) and post-invasion Iraq (near 70%). Tombaroli type looting occurs in Italy (8.2%) and Peru (6.8%). Looting in high unemployment regions relates to law enforcement capabilities and social issues in a foundering economy, while looting in low unemployment areas is typified by more specialized individuals working at night to supplement their usual (legitimate) income.

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