Looting has plagued Egypt for years, but recent unrest following the revolution has led to widespread illegal digging and brazen museum theft.
Greece has campaigned to recover its stolen art; however, looting and trafficking has increased during the economic crisis.
A wealth of ancient sites are spread throughout Turkey, but its good fortune is also a curse as it is a major source country.
Organized looting gangs in Bulgaria are connected to politicians, police, and customs officials, as well as narcotics, arms, and human trafficking.
Centuries of history in Italy is being illegally excavated and smuggled abroad. Despite high profile busts, looting remains a widespread problem.
The appearance of a statue of Apollo in Gaza and subsequent confiscation by Hamas raises concerns about the politicalization of cultural heritage.
Albania was home to Illyrians, Greeks, Romans, and Ottomans, but this rich history is under constant threat from looters.
Pakistan is a source, transit, and market country. Antiquities are shipped abroad, but a growing number of military and politicians are now collecting.
A burst of looting in Iraq immediately followed both Gulf Wars. Unemployment soared and subsistence diggers tried looting to put food on the table.
Afghanistan is a major source country following the recent conflict. The Taliban and Al Qaeda are rumored to profit from the trade.